Proteinuria – The process of protein in urine test
Protein is present in the bloodstream of every individual. This protein is necessary for the healthy functioning of the body. It promotes the growth and aids in the building of muscles and bones while carrying out other important functions such as controlling the excess formation of fluid in the body. However, when the kidneys do not function well, the protein escapes the filters and enters into the urine. This condition is known as protein in urine or proteinuria.
People who suffer from diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure are at a greater risk of having protein in urine. However, an individual who has a family history of kidney disease too can be affected by the condition. A weak kidney system can trigger this problem too. If one notices indicators such as foamy urine and abdominal swelling, the doctor will suggest undergoing a protein in urine test. In some cases, a patient may also be asked to undergo a protein in urine test in case of abnormal kidney functioning or urinary tract infection (UTI).
A protein in urine test measures the amount of protein in the urine. During the urine test, a doctor may examine a one-time sample or a sample that is collected over a duration of 24 hours.
A one-time sample test can be undergone at home or at the doctor’s clinic. During this kind of test, you will be asked to collect a sample of your urine in a container that will be provided. Do ensure that you do not touch the inside of the container or the test sample can get contaminated.
A 24-hour protein in urine test is carried out after the one-time sample test detects the presence of protein in the urine. Urine must be collected in a collection container over a period of 24 hours. This activity can be performed at home post which the sample has to be returned to the clinic for testing.
Preparation of a protein in urine test
Before taking a test, the doctor must be informed of the of medications being taken or medical conditions that one suffers from. Some medications that you take can have an effect on the protein levels in urine, thus, the doctor may ask you to pause consumption a few days before the test. Also, urine tests require one to be well hydrated. A dehydrated body produces urine that may give out inaccurate results.
It is a good idea to undergo the protein in your urine test in at least two different labs as this will give you absolutely accurate results for you to be sure.